OBESITY

Description

Complex disorder involving an excessive amount of body fat risk of diseases like heart disease, diabetes and high blood pressure.

Symptoms

  1. Body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher

Causes

  1. consumption of more calories
  2. eating excessive amounts of cheap, high-calorie food
  3. spending a lot of time sitting down, at desks, on sofas or in cars.
  4. not sleeping enough, which can lead to hormonal changes that make you feel more hungry and crave certain high-calorie foods
  5. genetics, which can affect how your body processes food into energy and how fat is stored
  6. growing older, which can lead to less muscle mass and a slower metabolic rate, making it easier to gain weight
  7. pregnancy (weight gained during pregnancy can be difficult to lose and may eventually lead to obesity)

Risk Factors

  • Genetics
  • Environment and Community
  • Psychological and Other Factors
  • family style
  • inactivity
  • unhealthy diet
  • pregnancy
  • quitting smoking
  • lack of sleep

Diagnostic Tests

  • calculating BMI index
  • CT,MRI, Ultrasound Scans
  • accurate measures of body fat and body fat distribution
  • Measuring your waist circumference
  • blood tests

Treatments

  • local weight loss groups
  • exercise on prescription
  • healthy diet with fruits vegetables eggs milk meat
  • avoid foods with salts and fat
  • Lifestyle and Behavior Changes
  • Medical Weight Loss
  • Weight Loss Surgery

Medications

  • orlistat (Xenical)
  • lorcaserin (Belviq)
  • phentermine and topiramate (Qsymia)
  • buproprion and naltrexone (Contrave)
  • liraglutide (Saxenda).

Lifestyle Management

  • Learning about your condition.
  • Sticking to your treatment plan
  • lose a significant amount of weight
  • Identifying and avoiding food triggers.
  • Taking your medications as directed.
  • nutritious foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein
  • Eat high-fat, high-calorie foods in moderation.