WRY NECK

Description

Disorder that exhibit flexion, extension, or twisting of muscles of the neck beyond their normal position

Symptoms

  • Inability to move the head normally
  • Neck pain or stiffness
  • Headache
  • Having one shoulder higher than the other
  • Swollen neck muscles
  • Tilting of the chin to one side
  • Back pain
  • Muscle tightness
  • Deviation of the eye

Causes

  • Damage to the muscles or blood supply to the neck
  • Nervous system injury
  • May develop in the womb
  • Infection of the head or neck
  • Abnormalities of the cervical spine
  • Taking drugs that predispose to muscular spasm

Diagnostic Tests

  • Physical examination
  • Electromyogram (EMG)
  • X-rays
  • MRI

Treatment

  • Apply heat
  • Massage
  • Physical therapy
  • Traction
  • Stretching exercises
  • Neck braces
  • Recommend surgeries:
  • Fusing abnormal vertebrae
  • Lengthening neck muscles
  • Cutting nerves or muscles
  • Deep brain stimulation
  • Medicines :
  • Paracetamol
  • Ibuprofen
  • Diclofenac
  • Naproxen
  • Codeine
  • Diazepam

Lifestyle Management

  • A good posture may help
  • Firm supporting pillow
  • Heat packs
  • Touch the opposite side of the face, chin, or neck
  • Stress-reduction techniques
  • Physical therapy exercises