TINNITUS

Description

Tinnitus is the perception of noise or ringing in the ears

Symptoms

  • Types of phantom noises in your ears:
  • Ringing
  • Buzzing
  • Roaring
  • Clicking
  • Hissing
  • Screeching
  • Whistling

Causes

  • Common causes:
  • Age-related hearing loss
  • Exposure to loud noise
  • Earwax blockage
  • Ear bone changes
  • Other causes:
  • Meniere’s disease
  • TMJ disorders
  • Head injuries or neck injuries
  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Blood vessel disorders linked to tinnitus:
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Head and neck tumors
  • High blood pressure
  • Turbulent blood flow
  • Malformation of capillaries
  • Medications:
  • Antibiotics
  • Cancer medications
  • Water pills (diuretics)
  • Quinine medications
  • Certain antidepressants
  • Aspirin

Risk Factors

  • Loud noise exposure
  • Age
  • Gender: Men are more likely to experience tinnitus.
  • Smoking
  • Cardiovascular problems

Diagnostic Tests

  • Hearing test
  • Physical exam
  • Radiology tests:
  • CT Scan
  • MRI
  • Ultrasound

Treatment

  • Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
  • Sound therapy
  • Tinnitus Retraining Therapy
  • Electrical stimulation
  • Medications:
  • Benzodiazepine medications
  • Corticosteroid injections into the middle ear
  • Antidepressant medications
  • Prostaglandin analogues
  • Surgery

Lifestyle Management

  • Smoking cessation
  • Good sleep habits
  • Using hearing protection (ear mufflers and plugs) in noisy environments
  • Recreational and social activities
  • Stress management and relaxation techniques