TENDINITIS

Description

Tendinitis is inflammation, irritation, and swelling of a tendon, which is the fibrous structure that joins muscle to bone

Symptoms

  • Pain – if the affected area is moved the pain worsens
  • A feeling that the tendon is crackling or grating as it moves
  • Swelling in the affected area
  • The affected area may be hot and red
  • A lump that develops along the tendon

Causes

  • Sudden injury
  • Aging
  • Repetition of a particular movement over time

Risk Factors

  • Age: common in old people
  • Occupations: People whose job include:
  • Repetitive motions
  • Awkward positions
  • Frequent overhead reaching
  • Vibration
  • Forceful exertion
  • Sports:
  • Baseball
  • Basketball
  • Bowling
  • Golf
  • Running
  • Swimming
  • Tennis
  • Diseases such as :
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Diabetes

Diagnostic Tests

  • Physical examination
  • X-Rays
  • Ultrasound scan
  • MRI Scan

Treatment

  • Rest
  • Heat and cold
  • Corticosteroid injections
  • Physical therapy
  • Platelet-rich plasma (PRP)
  • Shock wave therapy
  • Pain relievers:
  • Aspirin
  • Aleve
  • Ibuprofen
  • Surgery

Lifestyle Management

  • Regular exercise
  • Stretching and cooling down
  • Use proper workplace ergonomics
  • Avoid repetitive motion
  • Keep all your muscles strong and flexible