SEPSIS

Description

  • Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening complication of an infection.
  • The body’s immune system goes into overdrive as it tries to fight an infection.

Symptoms

  • Body temperature above 101 F (38.3 C) or below 96.8 F (36 C)
  • Heart rate higher than 90 beats a minute
  • Respiratory rate higher than 20 breaths a minute
  • Probable or confirmed infection
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Unconsciousness
  • Significantly decreased urine output
  • Abrupt change in mental status
  • Decrease in platelet count
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Abnormal heart pumping function
  • Abdominal pain

Causes

  • Pneumonia
  • Abdominal infection
  • Kidney infection
  • Bloodstream infection (bacteremia)

Risk Factors

  • It occurs in very young or very old people
  • People with weaker immune systems
  • Wounds or injuries, such as burns
  • Exposure to invasive devices
  • Pregnant women
  • People being treated in an intensive care unit (ICU)

Diagnostic Tests

  • Blood tests
  • Other laboratory tests which include:
  • Urine
  • Wound secretions
  • Respiratory secretions
  • Imaging scans which include:
  • X-ray
  • Computerized tomography (CT)
  • Ultrasound
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Treatment

  • Surgery to remove source of infection
  • Blood transfusion
  • Dialysis for those with affected kidneys
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Insulin to stabilize blood sugar
  • Medications:
  • Antibiotics
  • Vasopressors
  • Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation

Lifestyle Management

  • Maintain  good and consistent hygiene
  • Vaccination
  • Maintain balanced diet
  • Keep yourself and surroundings neat and clean
  • Exercise regularly