SCARLET FEVER

Description

  1. It is also known as scarlatina
  2. an infection that can develop in people who have strep throat
  3. infection is caused by group A streptococcus bacteria

Symptoms

  1. rash
  2. a fever above 101°F
  3. chills
  4. headaches
  5. a red, sore throat with white and yellow patches
  6. swollen tonsils
  7. a flushed face
  8. nausea and vomiting
  9. swollen glands in the back of the neck
  10. a pale area of skin around the lips
  11. a white tongue with red dots on the surface, which is called strawberry tongue

Causes

group A streptococcus

  1. The erythrogenic toxins produced by GABHS are the cause of the rash of scarlet fever

Diagnostic Tests

  • Throat or nasal culture or rapid streptococcal test
  • Anti-deoxyribonuclease B, antistreptolysin-O titers (antibodies to streptococcal extracellular products), antihyaluronidase, and antifibrinolysin can be valuable in confirmation of the diagnosis
  • blood test
  • urine test

Treatments

  • antibiotics
  • painkillers
  • antihistamines

Medications

  • calamine lotion
  • paracetamol
  • Erythromycin 
  • penicillin
  • intramuscular injection of penicillin G benzathine

Lifestyle Management

  • drinking plenty of cool fluids
  • eating soft foods (if your throat is painful)
  • wash your hands before meals and after using the restroom
  • cover your mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing 
  • proper medication