RESTLESS LEGS SYNDROME

Description

It is a common condition of the nervous system that causes an irresistible urge to move the legs

Symptoms

  • Overwhelming urge to move the legs
  • Tingling
  • Burning
  • Itching
  • Creepy-crawly feeling
  • Cramping sensation in the legs

Causes

  • Chronic diseases
  • Iron deficiency
  • Parkinson’s disease,
  • Kidney failure
  • Diabetes
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Medications
  • Pregnancy
  • Alcohol use
  • Sleep deprivation

Risk Factors

  • Gender(females)
  • Age
  • Family history
  • Ethnicity

Diagnostic Tests

  • Physical examination
  • Blood tests
  • Immobilization test
  • Polysomnography

Treatment

  • Massaging your legs
  • Good sleep habits
  • Taking a hot bath in the evening
  • Applying a hot or cold compress
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Narcotic pain relievers
  • Anticonvulsants:
  • Tegretol
  • Lyrica
  • Neurontin
  • Horizant
  • Dopaminergic drugs:
  • Mirapex
  • Neupro
  • Requip

Lifestyle Management

  • Avoid stimulants in the evening
  • Avoid smoking
  • Regular exercise
  • Practice good sleep habits
  • Avoid medicine that trigger the symptoms