RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS

Description

It is a condition that occurs when the lungs cannot remove all of the carbon dioxide the body produces

Symptoms

  • Headache
  • Anxiety
  • Blurred vision
  • Restlessness
  • Confusion
  • Sleepiness
  • Tremors
  • Delirium
  • Coma
  • Shortness of breath
  • Easy fatigue

Causes

  • When blood falls below 7.35
  • Lung disease
  • Asthma
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Acute pulmonary edema
  • Severe obesity
  • Neuromuscular disorders
  • Scoliosis
  • Muscle weakness
  • Obstructed airways
  • Sedative overdose
  • Cardiac arrest

Diagnostic Tests

  • Physical examination
  • Blood Gas Measurement
  • Basic metabolic panel
  • Chest x-ray
  • CT scan of chest
  • Pulmonary function test
  • Electrolyte tes
  • Lung Function Tests

Treatment

  • Bronchodilator drugs
  • Antibiotics
  • Diuretics
  • Corticosteroids
  • Mechanical ventilation

Prevention

  • Avoid smoking
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Use caution when taking sedatives