Q FEVER

Description

  1. It is also called query fever
  2. bacterial infection caused by the bacteria Coxiella burnetii
  3. bacteria are most commonly found in cattle, sheep, and goats
  4. humans infected with Q-fever when they breath dust from animals

Symptoms

  1. a high fever
  2. chills or sweats
  3. a cough
  4. chest pain while breathing
  5. a headache
  6. clay-colored stools
  7. diarrhea
  8. nausea
  9. abdominal pain
  10. jaundice
  11. muscle pain
  12. shortness of breath
  13. sensitivity to light

Causes

  1. animals transmit the bacteria through their urine, feces, milk 
  2. bacteria may infect by placenta and amniotic fluid

Risk Factors

  • farmers
  • veterinarians
  • people who work around sheep
  • people who work in the dairy industry
  • people who work in a meat processing facilities
  • people who work in research laboratories with livestock
  • people who work in research laboratories with C. burnetii
  • people who live close to a farm

Diagnostic Tests

  • complete blood cell (CBC) count
  • Liver function tests
  • erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) 
  • blood culture
  • blood antibody test.

Treatments

  • antimicrobial therapy 
  • surgery

Medications

  • doxycycline
  • fluoroquinolone
  • trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole
  • rifampin
  • intravenous (IV) erythromycin
  • lysosomal alkalinizing agents (eg, hydroxychloroquine)

Lifestyle Management

  • Properly disinfect and decontaminate exposed areas.
  • Properly dispose of all birth materials after a livestock animal has given birth.
  • Wash your hands properly.
  • Quarantine infected animals.
  • Make sure the milk you drink is pasteurized.
  • Test animals routinely for infection.
  • Restrict the airflow from barnyards and animal holding facilities to other areas.
  • wear appropriate protective clothing, such as waterproof gloves and goggles
  • avoid eating in potentially contaminated areas