PULMONARY EDEMA

 

Description

Pulmonary edema is a condition in which the lungs fill with fluid. When this occurs, the body struggles to get enough oxygen

Symptoms

  • breathlessness
  • difficulty breathing
  • coughing
  • wheezing
  • coughing up blood
  • excessive sweating
  • decreased alertness
  • leg swelling
  • abnormal heart rate
  • Severe symptoms
  • shock
  • respiratory failure
  • organ death from lack of oxygen

Cause

  • congestive heart failure
  • heart attack, or other heart diseases
  • leaking, narrowed, or otherwise damaged heart valves
  • sudden high blood pressure
  • pneumonia
  • kidney failure
  • lung damage (caused by severe infection)
  • severe sepsis of the blood (blood poisoning caused by infection)
  • pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
  • Outside factors
  • high altitude exposure
  • illicit drug use and/or drug overdose
  • lung damage (caused by inhalation of toxins)
  • severe trauma
  • major injury
  • near-drowning

Risk factors

  • history of pulmonary edema
  • history of lung disease
  • vascular (blood) disorders

Diagnostic Tests

  • oximetry or arterial blood gases)
  • Chest x-ray
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Echocardiogram
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)

Treatment

  • aspiration
  • diuretics
  • heart medications
  • surgery
  • mechanical ventilation

Lifestyle management

  • pneumonia vaccine
  • getting the flu vaccine
  • remaining on diuretics
  • healthy diet