• An infection of a woman’s womb (uterus), ovaries, or fallopian tubes
  • Bacteria first enter the vagina and cause an infection
  • His infection moves into the pelvic organs


  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Pain in the upper abdomen
  • Fever
  • Painful sex
  • Painful urination
  • Irregular bleeding
  • Increased or foul-smelling vaginal discharge
  • Tiredness
  • Sharp pain in the abdomen
  • Vomiting
  • Fainting
  • A high fever


  • Caused by gonorrhea or chlamydia infections
  • Bacteria are usually acquired during unprotected sex
  • Childbirth
  • Endometrial biopsy
  • Getting an intrauterine device (IUD)
  • Miscarriage
  • Abortion

Risk Factors

  • Being a sexually active woman younger than 25 years old
  • Having multiple sexual partners
  • Having a history of sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
  • Having sex without a condom
  • Having had an IUD inserted recently
  • Douching regularly
  • Having a history of pelvic inflammatory disease

Diagnostic Tests

  • Pelvic exam to check the pelvic organs
  • Cervical culture to check the cervix for infections
  • Urine test to check for signs of blood
  • Pelvic ultrasound
  • Endometrial biopsy
  • Laparoscopy


  • Combination of antibiotics
  • Treatment for the partner
  • Temporary abstinence


  • Practice safe sex
  • Get tested for sexually transmitted infections
  • Avoid douching
  • Pay attention to hygeine habits
  • Talk to the doctor about contraception

Lifestyle Management

  • Get regularly tested for STIs
  • Avoid having multiple partners
  • Have protected sex
  • Do not change partners frequently