LEUKEMIA

Description

It is cancer of the body’s blood-forming tissues including the bone marrow and the lymphatic system

Symptoms

  • Weakness
  • Fever or chills
  • Fatigue weakness
  • Frequent or severe infections
  • Weight loss
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Bleeding or bruising
  • Recurrent nosebleeds
  • Petechiae
  • Excessive sweating especially at night
  • Bone pain or tenderness
  • Enlarged liver or spleen

Causes

  • Genetic
  • Environmental factors

Risk Factors

  • Previous cancer treatment
  • Genetic disorders
  • Exposure to certain chemicals
  • Smoking
  • Family history of leukemia

Diagnostic Tests

  • Physical exam
  • Blood tests
  • Bone marrow test
  • Immunophenotyping
  • Cytogenetic analysis
  • Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction test(RT-PCR)
  • MRI of brain
  • CT scan
  • Lumbar puncture
  • Biopsy
  • X-ray

Treatment

  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Biological therapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Stem cell transplant

Lifestyle Management

  • Learn enough about leukemia to make decisions about your care
  • Keep friends and family close
  • Find someone to talk with