IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME

Description

  • Disorder that affects the large intestine (colon)
  • Long-term condition of the digestive system
  • Cause bouts of stomach cramps, bloating, diarrhoea

Symptoms

  1. Abdominal pain or cramping
  2. A bloated feeling
  3. Gas
  4. Diarrhea or constipation
  5. Mucus in the stool

Causes

  1. Increased sensitivity of the gut
  2. Slowed or spastic movements of the colon
  3. Mild celiac disease that damages the intestines
  4. Abnormalities in the gastrointestinal nervous system
  5. Food allergy or intolerance
  6. Increased stress
  7. Acute episode of infectious diarrhea

Risk Factors

  1. Family history of IBS
  2. Mental health problem
  3. People under age 45
  4. Twice as many women as men have the condition
  5. Anxiety, depression, a personality disorder

Diagnostic Tests

  • Based on the reported symptoms
  • Stool sample may be taken
  • Blood tests
  • Colonoscopy
  • Biopsy, if necessary

Treatment

  • Dietary changes
  • Fiber supplements
  • Anti-diarrheal medications
  • Anticholinergic and antispasmodic medications
  • Antidepressant medications
  • Counseling
  • Low FODMAP diet

Medications

  1. Alosetron (Lotronex)
  2. Lubiprostone (Amitiza)
  3. Antispasmodics
  4. Laxatives
  5. Antimotility medicines

Prevention

  • Counseling
  • Biofeedback
  • Progressive relaxation exercises
  • Mindfulness training
  • Set aside at least 20 minutes a day for any realxing activity

Lifestyle Management

  • Avoid problem foods
  • Eat at regular times
  • Take care with dairy products
  • Drink plenty of liquids
  • Exercise regularly
  • Use anti-diarrheal medications and laxatives with caution