IRITIS

Description

  • Inflammation (swelling) of the middle layer of the eye
  • If left untreated, could lead to glaucoma or vision loss
  • Results from an underlying systemic condition or genetic factor

Symptoms

  • Eye redness
  • Discomfort or achiness in the affected eye
  • Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
  • Blurred vision
  • Floating specks or spots in the vision
  • The pupil of the affected eye is smaller than the healthy eye

Causes

  • Injury to the eye
  • Shingles (herpes zoster) on the face can cause iritis
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Behcet’s disease
  • Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Certain Medications

Risk Factors

  • Having a specific genetic alteration
  • Sexually transmitted infection
  • More prominent in the US
  • Compromised immune system
  • Autoimmune disorder

Diagnostic Tests

  • External examination
  • Visual acuity
  • Slit-lamp examination (Biomicroscope)
  • Glaucoma testing
  • Blood tests

Treatment

  • Steroid eyedrops
  • Dilating eyedrops
  • Oral medications
  • Immunosuppressants
  • Corticosteroids
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs

Lifestyle Management

  • Keep the eyes clean
  • Do not use expired contact lenses
  • Avoid excessive use of mobiles and computer screens
  • Get any eye infection treated immediately
  • Go for routine check ups
  • Use only prescribed medications