MYASTHENIA GRAVIS

Disease

MYASTHENIA GRAVIS

Description

  • It is a rare neuromuscular disorder which affects skeletal muscles

Symptoms

  • Drooping of eyelids
  • Double vision
  • Dysarthria
  • Dysphagia
  • Muscle weakness
  • Facial paralysis

Cause

  • Antibodies
  • Thymus gland
  • Nerve signals
  • Autoimmune conditions

Diagnostic Tests

  • Blood test
  • Single-fiber electromyography (EMG)
  • Edrophonium test
  • Imaging tests:
  • CT scan
  • MRI scan

Treatment

Cholinesterase inhibitors:

  • Pyridostigmine
  • Corticosteroids
  • Prednisone

Immunosuppressants:

  • Azathioprine
  • Cyclosporine
  • Methotrexate
  • Tacrolimus
  • Plasmapheresis
  • Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg)
  • Video-assisted thymectomy
  • Robot-assisted thymectomy