Prostatitis Treatment

Overview

The swollen, tender and inflamed condition of prostate is called prostatitis. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland in men which is found below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The function of prostate is to make fluid that contains sperm which protects it when it travels towards female’s egg.

Symptoms of Prostatitis

There are four types of prostatitis and each has its own set of symptoms and causes. These are:

Acute bacterial prostatitis: The urinary tract is made up of kidneys, bladder and the tubes through which the bacteria can enter into the prostate causing an infection. Some of its symptoms are:
High fever
Chills
Muscle ache
Joint pain
Pain at the base of penis or behind the scrotum
Low back pain
Trouble peeing

Chronic bacterial prostatitis: It is a mild bacterial infection common in older men. It can occur after urinary tract infection or acute bacterial prostatitis. Some common symptoms are
Urge to pee
Painful urination
Pain after ejaculation
Lower back pain
Rectum pain
Blood in semen
Urinary blockage

Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome : This is one of the common type of prostatitis which has same signs as bacterial prostatitis. Some common symptoms are:
Pain in Penis
Pain in Lower abdomen
Lower back pain
Pain during ejaculation

Asymptomatic prostatitis: This type of prostatitis have an inflamed prostate but no symptoms.

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Prostatitis Risk Factors

The risk factors increases if :
You’re between age of 36 and 50
You’ve had a UTI
You use a urinary catheter
You have HIV/AIDS
You’ve had prostatitis before
The doctor can help to find ways to manage the symptoms and control the pain of Prostatitis.

Diagnosis Prostatitis can be diagnosed by knowing the cause of symptoms and determining the kind of prostatitis. The doctor will ask about the medical history and symptoms and also do a physical exam. The tests might include: Urine test Blood tests Post-prostatic massage Imaging tests such as CT scan.

Treatment

Prostate infection treatment depend on the underlying cause and symptoms. It depends on : 

Antibiotics: One of the common treatment in which the medication is given based on the type of bacteria that might be causing infection. For severe symptoms, you might be given intravenous (IV) antibiotics.

Alpha blockers: It can help relax the bladder neck and the muscle fibers and eases the symptoms of painful urination.

Anti-inflammatory agents: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can help reduce the symptoms.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate gland enlargement is a common condition in older men. It can cause many urinary problems such as blocking the flow of urine, bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems.
There are many effective bph treatment that includes medications, minimally invasive therapies and surgery.

Medication can help to treat mild to moderate symptoms of prostate enlargement.

transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP)
Laser surgery
bladder neck incision

Surgery: This option should be opted only when the symptoms don’t improve with lifestyle changes or medication. Different types of turp surgery procedure can be used for enlarged prostate treatment.
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP)
Laser surgery
bladder neck incision

Preparing for your appointment 

You need to consult a specialist in urinary tract and sexual disorders (urologist) for treatment. Make a list of all the symptoms that are responsible for the condition and solve all queries with your doctor.

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