Cystitis Treatment

What is Cystitis?

Cystitis is a disorder of the bladder which causes the bladder to become inflamed. Cystitis makes the bladder look reddish and swollen. It is of utmost importance to get immediate cystitis treatment. Urinary Tract Infections, or UTIs, are the most common cause of cystitis and is caused when bacteria begin to develop inside your urethra or bladder. Cystitis could also be caused from natural bacteria in case they multiply faster and cause an infection, which leads to inflammation of the bladder. However, an infection is not the only cause of cystitis as certain medications and personal care products can also result in inflammation of the bladder. Cystitis treatment is mainly dependent on the root cause for the bladder inflammation. Although cystitis is a universal disease it is more common in women, as compared to men. However, treatment of cystitis in male is also being sought increasingly in Hyderabad, India.

What are the symptoms of Cystitis?

There are several cystitis causes and recurrent cystitis treatment for these depends on the type of cystitis. Severe cystitis treatment is required at well-equipped healthcare centers or hospitals that specialize in urology healthcare. Symptoms that help diagnose cystitis are: 

  • Urination urge despite empty bladder
  • Strangely odorous and discolored urine
  • Frequent urination
  • Blood in urine
  • UTI with low fever
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Abdominal/back cramps
  • Bladder feels pressurized or full
Severe cystitis treatment may be required In case the infection in the bladder spreads to the kidneys. The symptoms of this type of cystitis are:
  • Side/back pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Chills

However, having a fever or noticing blood in the urine alone may also be caused due to other medical disorders, mostly as a result of a kidney infection. Despite this, it is vital to seek immediate urinary bladder cystitis treatment in case you notice more than two of these symptoms simultaneously. 

Types of Cystitis

The correct classification of cystitis is important for effective hemorrhagic cystitis treatment. Cystitis is classified as:

Acute Cystitis – This type of cystitis develops symptoms suddenly and may be caused by various factors.

Interstitial Cystitis – This type of cystitis develops gradually, over a long period of time and affects deeper than acute cystitis.

Interstitial cystitis treatment needs to be as soon as possible to prevent additional damage and disorder in the urinary system. These are the some of the most common types of acute and interstitial cystitis:

Bacterial Cystitis – This type of cystitis develops when bacteria cause an infection in your bladder or urethra, making it inflamed.

Drug-Induced Cystitis – As medications travel through the bloodstream, certain drugs tend to make your bladder inflamed. This is because these types of medications cause irritation in your bladder as they are dispelled from your body.

Radiation Cystitis – Radiotherapy is a common way to treat numerous forms of cancers and kill tumors however these also tend to damage the surrounding area too. Pelvic radiotherapy can result in an inflamed bladder.

Foreign Body Cystitis – Prolonged use of catheter can also cause bacterial infection and affect the urinary tract’s tissues. The physical damage and infection from bacteria can cause inflammation of the bladder.

Chemical Cystitis – Chemical cystitis may develop from personal care products, such as hygiene sprays, using diaphragm with spermicide, bubble bath products, etc.

However, take note that other factors, such as diabetes, HIV, spinal injuries, kidney stones, enlarged prostate may also result in inflamed bladder, which requires cystitis treatment.

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Who is at risk of Cystitis?

Due to the shorter urethra tubes, women are more at risk of cystitis than men. However, these are the common factors which increase the risk of cystitis in women and men.

For women, the risk factors of cystitis include:

  • Pregnancy
  • Being sexually active
  • Menopause
  • Using spermicide-sprayed diaphragm
  • Using certain irritating personal care products
For men, the risk factors of cystitis include:
  • Recent/current UTI
  • Diabetes
  • Catheter
  • Chemotherapy/Radiotherapy
  • Kidney stones
  • Blocked urine flow
  • Spinal injuries

How is Cystitis treated?

The urinary cystitis treatment guidelines are determined according to the core cause of the disorder in the urinary system of the patient. There are three main forms of cystitis treatment today: 

1.Medicinal Cystitis Treatment – Medicinal cystitis treatment include antibiotics to treat bacterial infection.

2.Surgical Cystitis Treatment – Surgical cystitis treatment is required to remove damaged tissue affected by chronic cystitis conditions.

3.Home care – There are certain tips that can ease the discomfort of cystitis even at home, such as applying heating pads to back/abdomen and taking painkillers to ease the pain and taking sitz baths to keep the pelvic area clean.

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