Stomach Bleed Treatment

STOMACH BLEED TREATMENT

Overview

The gastrointestinal (GI) tract starts from the mouth and ends at the anus. gastrointestinal bleeding in the GI is a symptom of a disorder related to it. Different diseases such as hemorrhoids; peptic ulcers; tears or inflammation in the oesophagus; Crohn’s disease; colonic polyps; cancer in the colon, stomach or oesophagus can lead to GI bleeding. It can be classified on the basis of its location as upper GI bleed and lower GI bleed. Upper GI bleed happens due to injury to oesophagus, stomach or duodenum while lower GI bleed is referred to damage that occurs in the lower intestines.

Small loss of blood shows the following gi bleed symptoms: 
Blood in vomit or brownish vomit and black stools (stools may appear dark when blood is mixed) indicate upper GI bleeding while all these conditions but absence of blood in vomit refer to lower GI bleeding.

Heavy loss of blood results in anaemia, fatigue, shortness of breath or loss of consciousness. These are also stomach bleeding symptoms. In addition to these symptoms, if accompanied by loss of appetite and unexplained weight loss, it may a sign of bleeding ulcer.

Only proper diagnosis can ascertain the same; colonoscopy or endoscopy may be required for complete diagnosis.

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Treatment

In many cases, GI bleeding stops on its own, but if it doesn’t, treatment is based on the location of the bleeding. Numerous times, medicines are provided during some tests to control the bleeding, for instance:

  • peptic ulcer which is caused can be treated during endoscopy
  • similarly, polyps which are responsible for lower GI bleeding can be removed during a colonoscopy
For upper GI bleed treatment ,patients may be given IV proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to suppress acid; in case of heavy blood loss prokinetics need to be given to empty the stomach. Surgery may be required in serious cases when the patient does not benefit from medications.

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