Viral Fever

Certain viral infections can cause very high fever with other symptoms including but not limited to headache, body pains, nausea, cracking lips and eye dryness or burning sensation

What are the symptoms of Viral Fever?

  • Low to High Grade Fever
  • Headache
  • Cough
  • Chills
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Skin rashes
  • Burning sensation & Redness of the eyes
  • Nasal congestion
  • Nausea
  • Sore throat/Irritation & Inflammation in the throat
  • Muscle, body and joint pains
  • Running nose
  • Muscle and joint pains
  • Chest congestion
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Cough
  • Inflammation of the pharynx
  • Skin rash
  • Painful tonsils

How Viral Fever is diagnosed?

A set of confirmatory and rule out tests are performed to confirm the diagnosis

  • Medical and travel history
  • Complete Blood Profile
  • Blood Culture
  • Strep Test
  • Imaging – X-Ray
  • Liver Function Tests
  • Molecular Assays – PCR & Real Time PCR
  • Immunoassays- ELISA

What are the complications of a viral fever?

  • Dehydration
  • Trouble breathing
  • Severe pain throughout the body
  • Swelling and inflammation
  • Confusion
  • Rarely secondary bacterial infection
  • Sepsis

How viral fever is treated?

  • Diet – Plenty of fluids and simple foods for easy digestion
  • Use of lukewarm water to bring the body temperature down – cloth, bathtub
  • Having enough rest and sleep
  • Antipyretic – Fever Medicine – Paracetamol
  • Anti-Analgesic – Ibuprofen
  • Antibiotics- For treating secondary bacterial infections
  • Anti-Diarrhoeal and Anti-emetic medications
  • Anti-viral medications

What causes a viral fever?

Virus present on various carriers when inhaled, ingested or exchanged may cause viral fever

  • Unhealthy hygiene practices
  • Inhalation  of Aerosols / Airborne particles
  • Exchange of body fluids
  • Through food or beverage intake
  • Insect bites

Who can get affected with viral fevers?

  • Children and older people with weaker immune system
  • People who travel frequently
  • Individuals who had unprotected sex or shared of needles and body fluids
  • Animal and bird caretakers
  • Living or working with an already infected person
  • Individuals who worked or visited an area with highest viral infection prevalence

When to see the doctor?

See the doctor immediate for immediate medical attention and care if the temperature reaches 102OC and above

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