UTI Treatment

Overview

A urinary tract infection is an infection that occurs in any part of the urinary system such as kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Usually, the infections occur in the lower urinary tract and affects the bladder and the urethra. The risk of UTI is greater in women than men and it can be painful and annoying. However, UTI treatment can be done with antibiotics but with certain measures the chances of getting UTI can be reduced.

What are the Causes of UTI?

UTI can be caused when bacteria from large intestine invade the urethra which can reach and begin to multiply in the bladder. The infection if not treated on time can infect the kidneys.

Due to the abnormality in the structure of urinary tract, some women are more susceptible to infection. Those with diabetes may be at higher risk and other conditions that increase risk are pregnancy, multiple sclerosis, kidney stones, stroke, and spinal cord injury.

Infection of the bladder (cystitis) is usually caused by Escherichia coli which is commonly found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

Infection of the urethra (urethritis) can occur when GI bacteria spread from the anus to the urethra.
  • Stress incontinence
  • Urge incontinence
  • Overflow incontinence
  • Functional incontinence
  • Mixed incontinence

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Symptoms of UTIs

Some common symptoms are:
  • Burning feeling during urination
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Pain or pressure in the back or lower abdomen
  • Cloudy, dark, bloody or strange-smelling urine
  • Tiredness
  • Fever or chills
  • Pelvic pain

Tests and Treatments for UTIs

Consult your doctor if you suspect a urinary tract infection. For this, you need to give a urine sample to test the presence of UTI-causing bacteria.

Treatment

 

Antibiotics are best for Urinary tract infection treatment. Drugs such as Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, Fosfomycin are commonly recommended in urine infection treatment. However, drinking lots of water can help flush the bacteria from the system. Proper medication can soothe the pain and a heating pad may also be helpful.

Study shows that cranberry juice is also effective in urinary tract treatment.The tannin in the red berry can prevent E. coli bacteria from sticking to the walls of the bladder where they can cause infection. However, if you’re taking blood-thinning medication then cranberry juice is not recommended. 

Risk factors

The common risk factors for UTIs include:
  • Sexually active women are more prone to UTIs than who aren't.
  • The decline in estrogen after menopause causes changes in the urinary tract and make more susceptible to infection.
  • Those born with urinary tract abnormalities have an increased risk of UTIs.
  • Kidney stones or an enlarged prostate increases the risk.
  • Few diseases can suppress the immune system and enhances the risk of UTIs.

Preparing for your appointment

When you suspect chronic kidney infection, you need to check with a doctor who specializes in urinary disorders (urologist) or kidney disorders for an evaluation.

What to expect from your doctor

The doctor will ask you few questions regarding the symptoms, treatment, severity of infection etc. You need to make a checklist and be ready to sum up all information about the symptoms occurring.

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