A urinary tract infection is an infection that occurs in any part of the urinary system such as kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Usually, the infections occur in the lower urinary tract and affects the bladder and the urethra. The risk of UTI is greater in women than men and it can be painful and annoying. However, UTI treatment can be done with antibiotics but with certain measures the chances of getting UTI can be reduced.
What are the Causes of UTI?
Due to the abnormality in the structure of urinary tract, some women are more susceptible to infection. Those with diabetes may be at higher risk and other conditions that increase risk are pregnancy, multiple sclerosis, kidney stones, stroke, and spinal cord injury.
Infection of the bladder (cystitis) is usually caused by Escherichia coli which is commonly found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
Infection of the urethra (urethritis) can occur when GI bacteria spread from the anus to the urethra.
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Symptoms of UTIsSome common symptoms are:
Tests and Treatments for UTIs
Antibiotics are best for Urinary tract infection treatment. Drugs such as Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, Fosfomycin are commonly recommended in urine infection treatment. However, drinking lots of water can help flush the bacteria from the system. Proper medication can soothe the pain and a heating pad may also be helpful.
Study shows that cranberry juice is also effective in urinary tract treatment.The tannin in the red berry can prevent E. coli bacteria from sticking to the walls of the bladder where they can cause infection. However, if you’re taking blood-thinning medication then cranberry juice is not recommended.