Epilepsy/Fits/Seizure

What is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders in which repeated episodes of disturbance in the sensory organs, unconsciousness, convulsions happen. These activities are triggered due to some atypical centric activity within the brain. Epilepsy is also referred to as fits or seizures. The range of severity of the seizures depends on the individual. Though there is no permanent cure of this neurological disease, certain medicines have proved quite helpful for patients.

On the basis of diagnostics of epileptic seizures, doctors have come up with three types of epilepsy:
  • Idiopathic epilepsy: In Idiopathic epilepsy there is no evident cause.
  • Cryptogenic epilepsy: Because there are so many nerves in the body, the doctor might think there is very likely a cause, but he cannot be precise about it.
  • Symptomatic epilepsy: In Symptomatic epilepsy, the doctor knows what the cause is.

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Let us take a look at the epilepsy symptoms. Though the main epilepsy symptom is repeated seizures, but if someone experiences any of the following, they must consult a doctor
  • a convulsion or a seizure but with no fever
  • A confused memory or a short blackout
  • the person is unresponsive to instructions for a short while
  • for no apparent reason the person suddenly becomes stiff
  • sudden bouts of stiffness, blinking, chewing etc.
  • the person may suddenly fall
  • unusual changes in senses
  • rapid jerking movements epically in case of epilepsy in children

Epilepsy Treatment

Unfortunately there are no developed cures for most types of epilepsy. In many cases, epilepsy surgery has helped in stopping some kinds of seizure from occurring. In many cases, an epilepsy surgery is not required. The doctor may prescribe seizure-preventing medicines or anti-epileptic medicines. Certain medicines may help in limiting seizures in one patient, but may not be able to do so in another. Even if the right medicine is pinpointed, it can take a while to find the ideal dosage. The majority of anti-epileptic medicines are taken orally. The doctor will prescribe which medicine is to be given for specific type of seizure. Like explained earlier, all patients do not react in the same way to medicines, but generally anti-epileptic medicines help control seizures. The medicines mostly prescribed are:
  • sodium
  • valproate
  • carbamazepine
  • lamotrigine levetiracetam
According to doctors who are known to provide best epilepsy treatment in Hyderabad, with these medicines the doctor aims to limit or stop the occurring of seizure.

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