Alzheimer’s – Symptoms & Treatment

Overview

Dementia is a term that is used for conditions which are caused by injuries to the brain or brain disorders. It can negatively affect a person’s memory, thinking and his behaviour too, thereby obstructing his everyday life activities. Finding the right words to speak, complete loss of time, vision problems though mild etc can be painstaking. Alzheimer’s is the progressive form of dementia. Almost 65-85% of the dementia cases are turn to Alzheimer’s diseases. Being an ongoing chronic condition, the Alzheimer’s symptoms come gradually are cause brain degeneration.
Generally, people above above 65 years of age are affected by Alzheimer’s, but in some cases people in their 40s and 50s also may get this disease.

Alzheimer’s Symptoms

Though most people forget things, but in Alzheimer’s disease symptoms these conditions worsen with time:
  • Loss of Memory
  • Forgetting simple everyday task like filling water in a bottle
  • Problem solving is difficult
  • Difficult in writing and speaking
  • Lack of judgement
  • Lack of personal hygiene
  • Mood swings
  • Change in behaviour
  • Withdrawal symptoms

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Alzheimer’s Disease Treatment

Sadly, there is no cure of Alzheimer’s disease, but with regular use of recommended medicines and other alzheimer’s treatment that can help ease the symptoms and delay the progress for a long time. Depending on the stages, doctors may prescribe medicines to the patients. For instance, in early stages medicines like donepezil (Aricept) or rivastigmine (Exelon) can help nurture sufficient levels of acetylcholine in the brain. In case of moderate to severe Alzheimer’s disease doctors recommend donepezil (Aricept) or memantine (Namenda). If the patients complain of depression, agitation, aggression, hallucinations and restlessness, sometimes, doctors may also suggest anti-anxiety, antidepressants or antipsychotics medicines that can help in treating the Alzheimer’s disease symptoms. 

Making changes in one’s lifestyle can also be very helpful when it comes to managing the severity of the condition. Doctors may ask you to focus on one task at a time to limit any confusion. It should be seen that the family members of the patient do not try and confront him as the aim is to keep him calm and relaxed. The patient also needs to get a lot of rest.
The following preventive measure can also help:

  • The patient must quit smoking
  • He should exercise daily.
  • Cognitive Training exercises can be helpful.
  • The patient’s diet can be plant-based.
  • He/ She must maintain a healthy and active social life.

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