Irritable Bowel Syndrome

IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME

Overview

Irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder of the large intestine due to which a change in bowel habits occurs and is accompanied with stomach ache. The bowel habits will change during this condition as in, you may want to go more or less and have different kind of stools (it may be hard or loose as in diarrhoea). It is usually not a very serious disease but it can be long lasting giving and thus brings about change in daily life of the people.

Signs and symptoms

  • Abdominal pain and cramps
  • Persistent diarrhoea
  • Constipation
  • Alternating conditions of constipation and diarrhoea
  • Irregular bowel movements caused due to hard stool
  • Excess gas and bloating
  • Fatigue and anxiety
  • Difficulty in sleeping
Since the disease is long lasting, the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are also recurring.

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Causes that lead to IBS

The exact cause for IBS is unknown, but certain factors and triggers have been spotted that contribute to this disease such as:
  • A sensitive or inflammatory large intestine
  • Muscle contractions in the intestine
  • Abnormalities in the digestive system
  • Absence or deficiency of the bacteria in the gut which help in digestion.
  • Dehydration makes the stool hard
  • Severe infection due to the presence of bacteria in excess (this leads to diarrhoea)
  • Stress and depression

Certain triggers that have recognised to cause IBS are allergy to different food, mood swings and hormonal changes (especially in women). Young people i.e adults, females and those having weak mental health or family history of IBS are more likely to be affected by this condition.

Best treatment for irritable bowel syndrome involves some methods that helps to relieve the symptoms of the disease. The doctor is likely to refer you to a dietician, in order to make changes in your daily uptake and eliminate high gas causing food from your diet. In more than mild cases, the doctor provides medications such as fiber supplements, laxatives, anti-diarrhoeal drugs (in case of IBS with diarrhoea), antidepressants etc to relieve the condition.

IBS with constipation is a special case which can be embarrassing and needs to be well controlled. Irritable bowel syndrome symptoms can range from difficulty in bowel movements to stomach ache and bloating. Irritable bowel syndrome treatment requires more uptake of fiber supplements as this softens the bowels and allows smooth movement , consumption of laxatives as this may help in defecation but you should not form a habit of consuming laxatives as they can be harmful in the long run, drinking of enough water in order to keep the intestines hydrated and exercise.

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