Vertigo is the sensation of spinning or moving which can affect the body balance . It is a dizzy spell that creates a false sense that everything around is spinning. Frequent dizziness can affect one’s quality of life and can be life-threatening.
Vertigo attacks can develop suddenly or last for few seconds or longer. However, severe attacks of vertigo can make the normal life very difficult.
Symptoms of Vertigo
Those who experience feeling of dizziness or some vertigo symptoms such as:
Causes of Vertigo
There are various Vertigo causes such as inner ear problem, motion sickness or medication side effects. It can often be caused by issues in the inner ear or problems in certain parts of the brain. Sometimes it can occur due to underlying health condition, infection or injury. Vertigo is what results when your brain works to sort out the confusion.
Some of the most common Vertigo causes includes:
BPPV or Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: The clump of tiny calcium particles can affect the inner ear canal which causes feeling of dizziness.
Infection: The viral infection in the vestibular nerve can cause vertigo.
Meniere’s disease: It is an ear disorder that occurs with the fluid buildup and changing pressure. Thus, it results into vertigo along with tinnitus and hearing loss.
Migraine: Those who have migraine may have episodes of vertigo or other types of dizziness.
Vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis: The inner ear problem that occur as a result of infection. It can cause inflammation in the inner ear and disturbs body balance.
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Treatment for Vertigo
Vertigo treatment depends on the cause of the condition and symptoms. Sometimes dizziness gets better without treatment but often proper cervical vertigo treatment is needed such as:
Vestibular rehabilitation. The physical therapy which helps to strengthen the vestibular system that send signals to the brain for the body movements. It helps people with dizziness and balance problems.
Medications and some antihistamines can make your symptoms manageable and help treat most cases of vertigo.
Balance therapy. Few exercises can help to make your balance system less sensitive to motion and can be done by those facing dizziness issues.
Psychotherapy. This therapy is helpful for those whose dizziness is caused by anxiety disorders.
Some factors that can increase the feeling of dizziness include:
The risk of falling and getting injured increases with dizziness. Constant feeling of dizziness while driving a car or operating heavy machinery can cause an accident.
Preparing for appointment
The doctor can diagnose and treat the cause of dizziness and accordingly refer to an ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist . Also, let your doctor know about the health conditions or symptoms you have.