Best Treatment in Hyderabad for Acute and Chronic Kidney Failures
Kidneys as biological filters excrete excess water, unwanted and undesirable materials out of the body at regular intervals. Any disturbance to this filtration process either suddenly or gradually over a period of time leads to failure of kidney function.
A sudden and severe drop in kidney function is known clinically as acute renal failure, whereas progressive decline in kidney function over months to years is termed chronic kidney failure.
Certain risk factors such as diabetes, hypertension, obesity, family history, increasing age, cancers, congenital anatomical anomalies, immune system mediated conditions, genetic disorders such as polycystic kidney disease and auto immune disorders addiction towards drugs, alcohol and tobacco predispose patients towards accelerated kidney function impairment with swelling in face, legs and hands, pressure or heaviness in chest, abnormal urine output – anuria or oligo-urea, weakness, polydipsia.
Self-Medications : Pain killers, herbal medications especially targeting obesity and slimming medications.
A multidisciplinary team of specialists and acute/chronic kidney failure treatment specialists work towards delivering precise diagnosis, intense medical management and subsequent preventive measurements to provide improved and personalised clinical outcomes.
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Acute Kidney Failure Diagnosis
The preliminary evaluation of acute kidney disease (AKD) typically includes medical history evaluation, physical examination, laboratory tests and imaging of the urinary system with Ultrasonography, Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Acute Kidney Failure Treatment
Acute renal failure is usually a reversible transient condition with severe failure in kidney function that needs immediate medical attention. Management of the acute kidney injury (AKI) is through medication, supplementation, fluid & electrolyte management and avoidance of toxic medication or other agents that may further damage the kidney function. If needed medically, the patient may undergo dialysis to keep the electrolyte imbalance and other critical biochemical parameters under control. Our kidney specialists and intensivists provide required support while caring for pre-existing medical conditions and milder to life threatening complications that arise as a consequence of acute renal disease. In case of prerenal acute renal failure, early treatment focussed on managing the underlying causes (such as burns, dehydration, drug toxicity, low blood pressure, blood loss, pancreatitis or liver cirrhosis) can help in restoring or reversing renal function. Of all the underlying conditions insulin resistance/diabetes and metabolic acidosis are controlled with distinct focus to curb hypercatabolic state that may further damage the kidney functionality if not attended suitably.
Chronic Kidney Disease Diagnosis
Due to its progressive nature, chronic kidney disease patients with early stages of the disease, presenting kidney dysfunction symptoms with risk association are screened frequently while undergoing the treatment to monitor noticeable clinical changes in the kidney performance.
As in the case of acute renal failure, diagnosis or screening of chronic kidney disease also include medical history evaluation, physical examination, laboratory tests including biomarker screening and imaging of the urinary system with Ultrasonography, Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. However, persistence of functional and structural abnormalities for over a three month period distinguishes chronic kidney failure from acute kidney failure. In some instances, lasting kidney damage due to acute kidney injury can lead to chronic kidney disease and then subsequently to failure.
Chronic Kidney Disease Treatment
If left untreated chronic kidney failure is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Therefore it is vital to manage the disease in its infancy with discontinuation or adjustments of essential medications that treat the underlying conditions while preserving the kidney function, dietary modification, restricted fluid intake, smoking cessation and also renal replacement for the patients with more advanced phases of kidney failure needing transplantation at an earliest time.