PSORIASIS

 

Description

Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition that causes the rapid build-up of skin cells

Symptoms

  • red, raised, inflamed patches of skin
  • silver-white scales or plaques on the red patches
  • dry skin that may crack and bleed
  • soreness around patches
  • itching and burning sensations around patches
  • thick, pitted nails
  • painful, swollen joints

Cause

  • Immune system
  • Genetics

Risk factors

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Environmental factors

Diagnostic Tests

  • physical examination
  • biopsy

Treatment

  • Topical treatments
  • topical corticosteroids
  • topical retinoids
  • anthralin
  • vitamin D analogues
  • salicylic acid
  • moisturizer
  • Systemic medications
  • methotrexate
  • cyclosporine
  • biologics
  • retinoids
  • light therapy

Lifestyle management

  • Lose weight
  • Eat heart healthy
  • Avoid trigger foods
  • Drink less alcohol
  • Consider taking vitamins