Long term brain disorder causes a person to suddenly fall asleep at inappropriate times.
- Dreaming, Decreased consciousness, and Muscle paralysis.
- Cataplexy, can be triggered by intense emotions
- Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep
- Sleep paralysis
- Sleep attacks
- Decreased amount of a brain protein called hypocretin
- Infection like swine flu or medication against it
- Major psychological stress
- Hormonal changes, which can occur during puberty or menopause
- Physical Harm
- Public misunderstanding of the condition
- Interference with intimate relationships
- Multiple sleep latency test.
- Epworth sleepiness scale
- A spinal tap, or lumbar puncture, is used to collect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
- ActiGraph monitoring
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
- serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
- Tricyclic antidepressants.
- Sodium oxybate (Xyrem)
- fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem, Selfemra)
- venlafaxine (Effexor XR).
- protriptyline (Vivactil), imipramine (Tofranil) and clomipramine (Anafranil)
- Schedule short naps at regular intervals
- Get regular exercise
- Avoid nicotine and alcohol.
- Eat light or vegetarian meals