MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY

Disease

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY

Description

  • It is an inherited diseases that damage and weaken your muscles

Types

  • Duchenne MD
  • Myotonic dystrophy
  • Facioscapulohumeral MD
  • Becker MD
  • Limb-girdle MD
  • Oculopharyngeal MD
  • Emery-Dreifuss MD

Symptoms

  • Frequent falls
  • Difficulty getting up from a lying or sitting position
  • Trouble running and jumping
  • Waddling gait
  • Walking on the toes
  • Large calf muscles
  • Muscle pain and stiffness
  • Learning disabilities

Cause

  • Inheriting muscular dystrophy
  • recessive inherited disorder
  • dominant inherited disorder
  • sex-linked (X-linked) disorder
  • Spontaneous gene mutations

Diagnostic Tests

  • Enzyme tests
  • Electromyography
  • Genetic test
  • Muscle biopsy
  • electrocardiography
  • Lung-monitoring tests

Treatment

  • Corticosteroids such as prednisone
  • Range-of-motion
  • stretching exercises
  • Low-impact aerobic exercise
  • Braces
  • Mobility aids
  • Breathing assistance
  • Creatine supplement