Long-term condition that causes pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints
- Tender, warm, swollen joints
- Joint stiffness that is usually worse in the mornings and after inactivity
- Fatigue, fever and weight loss
- tiredness and a lack of energy
- a high temperature (fever)
- a poor appetite
- weight loss
- used oral contraceptives
- a history of breastfeeding
- had a live birth
- regular menstrual periods
- family history
- family history
- environmental factors
- blood test
- full blood count
- C-reactive protein (CRP)
- Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
- X rays,MRI
- Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs)
- Biological treatments
- Synovectomy Surgery to remove the inflamed synovium (lining of the joint). Synovectomy can be performed on knees, elbows, wrists, fingers and hips.
- Tendon repair Inflammation and joint damage may cause tendons around your joint to loosen or rupture. Your surgeon may be able to repair the tendons around your joint.
- Joint fusion Surgically fusing a joint may be recommended to stabilize or realign a joint and for pain relief when a joint replacement isn’t an option.
- Total joint replacement During joint replacement surgery, your surgeon removes the damaged parts of your joint and inserts a prosthesis made of metal and plastic.
- ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB)
- naproxen sodium (Aleve)
- methotrexate (Trexall, Otrexup, Rasuvo), leflunomide (Arava),
- hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) and sulfasalazine (Azulfidine).
- abatacept (Orencia), adalimumab (Humira), anakinra (Kineret)
- certolizumab (Cimzia), etanercept (Enbrel)
- golimumab (Simponi), infliximab (Remicade), rituximab (Rituxan),
- tocilizumab (Actemra) and tofacitinib (Xeljanz)
- celecoxib (Celebrex)
- ketoprofen (Orudis, Oruvail)
- naproxen (Aleve)
- apply heat/cold
- connect with others
- healthy diet