OSTEOARTHRITIS

Description

Condition where protective cartilage on the bone ends wears down disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine.

Symptoms

  1. pain
  2. tenderness
  3. stiffness
  4. Grating sensation
  5. bone spurs
  6. loss of flexiblity
  7. swelling

Causes

  1. obesity
  2. joint injure or overuse
  3. genetics
  4. inactive lifestyle
  5. inflamatory diseases

Risk Factors

  • job includes tasks that place repetitive stress
  • people with malformed joints or defective cartilage
  • obesity
  • joint injuries

Diagnostic Tests

  • Physical Examination
  • lab tests: bloo test, joint fluid analysis
  • imaging tests : X rays, MRI

Treatments

  • regular exercise
  • losing weight if you’re overweight
  • wearing suitable footwear
  • using special devices to reduce the strain on your joints during your everyday activities
  • pain killers, injections
  • topical medication
  • Physical therapy.
  • Occupational therapy.
  • surgery

Medications

  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  • aspirin (Bayer)
  • ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin)
  • naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn)
  • menthol (Bengay, Stopain) or capsaicin (Capzasin, Zostrix).
  • Duloxetine (Cymbalta)
  • Cortisone injections
  • Lubrication injections

Lifestyle Management

  • exercise
  • posture maintaining
  • lossing weight
  • Use heat and cold to manage pain
  • Apply over-the-counter pain creams
  • Braces or shoe inserts
  • knee tapping
  • Use assistive devices