ANGINA

 

Description

Angina is the medical term for chest pain. People with angina describe the pain as a squeezing, suffocating or burning feeling.

Symptoms

  • Breathlessness
  • Nausea
  • Feeling unusually tired
  • Dizziness
  • Restlessness
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Pain in your arms, neck, jaw, shoulder or back accompanying chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating

cause

  • Coronary heart diseases
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Aortic stenosis
  • Pericarditis

Risk factors

  • High blood pressure
  • High fat diet and cholesterol
  • Lack of excersice
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Age
  • Family history

Diagnostic Tests

  • Physical exam
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
  • Stress test
  • Nuclear stress test
  • Echocardiogram
  • Chest X ray
  • Coronary angiography
  • Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan
  • Blood tests

Treatment

Medications:

  • Nitrates
  • Aspirin
  • Clot-preventing drugs
  • Beta blockers
  • Statins
  • Calcium channel blockers

Medical procedures and surgery:

  • Angioplasty and stenting
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery

Lifestyle management

  • Healthy diet
  • Cutting down on saturated fat
  • Cutting down on salt
  • Stopping smoking
  • Reducing your alcohol consumption
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Exercising