GESTATIONAL DIABETES

Disease

Gestational Diabetes

Description

  • Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy and usually disappears after giving birth.

Symptoms

  • fatigue
  • blurred vision
  • excessive thirst
  • excessive need to urinate
  • dry mouth
  • tiredness

Cause

  • human placental lactogen
  • estrogen
  • hormones that increase insulin resistance
  • polyhydramnios
  • premature birth
  • pre-eclampsia

Risk Factors

  • Women older than age 25 
  • family history of diabetes
  • Obesity
  • high risk ethnicity
  • unexplained miscarriage or stillbirth
  • Hypertension

Diagnostic Tests

  • Initial glucose challenge test.
  • Follow-up glucose tolerance test

Treatment

  • Monitoring your blood sugar
  • Healthy diet
  • Regular physical activity