VIRAL GASTROENTERITIS (STOMACH FLU)

Description

It is an inflammation of stomach and intestines caused by viruses

Symptoms

  • Watery diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Fever, chills
  • Sweating
  • Abdominal cramps and pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Muscle aches

Causes

  • Noroviruses
  • Rotavirus
  • Improper hand washing
  • Water contaminated by sewage
  • Consuming raw or undercooked shellfish

Risk Factors

  • Young children
  • Older adults
  • People with Weak immune system

Diagnostic Tests

  • Physical examination
  • Rapid stool test

Treatment

  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Oral rehydration solutions
  • Avoid fruit juices
  • Have Sports drinks
  • Eat food in small amounts
  • Get lots of rest

Lifestyle Management

  • Wash your hands often
  • Don’t eat raw or undercooked foods
  • Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly
  • Avoid contaminated food and water
  • Use bottled water
  • Avoid ice cubes