• An inflammation of the urethra
  • Caused by an infection
  • Does not have noticeable symptoms


In men:

  • White or cloudy discharge from the tip of the penis
  • Burning or painful sensation when urinating
  • The tip of penis feels irritated and sore
  • A frequent need to urinate
  • Presence of blood in the semen or urine
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the groin area
  • Pain with intercourse or ejaculation
  • Fever (rare)

In women:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Burning pain while urinating
  • Fever and chills
  • Frequent or urgent urination
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pain with intercourse
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Heavy or painful periods


  • Infection from either a bacteria or a virus
  • Bacteria found naturally in the genital area
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • Mycoplasma genitalium
  • Injury
  • Chlamydia
  • Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Herpes simplex virus (HSV)
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

Risk Factors

  • Being a female in the reproductive years
  • Being male, ages 20 to 35
  • Having many sexual partners
  • High-risk sexual behavior (such as anal sex without a condom)
  • History of sexually transmitted diseases

Diagnostic Tests

  • Physical Examination of the symptoms
  • Complete Blood Count (CBC)
  • C-reactive protein test
  • Pelvic Ultrasound
  • Pregnancy test
  • Urinalysis
  • Tests for Gonorrhea, Chlamydia and other STIs
  • Urethral swab


  • Short course of antibiotics
  • Blood-thinning medications
  • Heart medications
  • Seizure medications


  • Azithromycin
  • Doxycycline
  • Erythromycin
  • Ofloxacin
  • Levofloxacin


  • Avoid having intercourse with multiple partners
  • Use condoms every time
  • Get tested regularly
  • Protect others if you already have a STI

Lifestyle Management

  • Promote good urinary tract health
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Make sure to urinate shortly after intercourse
  • Avoid acidic foods
  • Avoid exposure to spermicides
  • Avoid scented products or soaps in the genital area