TRUNCUS ARTERIOSUS

Description

  • Truncus arteriosus is a rare heart defect that’s present at birth (congenital).
  • A single blood vessel (truncus arteriosus) comes out of the right and left ventricles, instead of the normal 2 vessels (pulmonary artery and aorta)

Symptoms

  • Cyanosis
  • Delayed growth or growth failure
  • Fatigue
  • Lethargy
  • Poor feeding
  • Tachypnea
  • Dyspnea
  • Widening of the finger tips (clubbing)
  • Causes
  • Congenital

Risk Factors

  • Viral illness during pregnancy
  • Poorly controlled diabetes during pregnancy
  • Certain medications taken during pregnancy
  • Smoking during pregnancy
  • Children with Certain chromosomal disorders:
  • DiGeorge’s syndrome
  • Velocardiofacial syndrome

Diagnostic Tests

  • Chest X-ray
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG)
  • Echocardiogram
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Scan
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan

Treatment

  • Medications:
  • Diuretics
  • Ionotropic agents
  • Surgery

Lifestyle Management

  • Taking folic acid
  • Avoiding dangerous medications
  • Controlling diabetes
  • Getting vaccinated before getting pregnant