TRICHINOSIS

Description

Trichinosis is a disease caused by a roundworm species known as Trichinella that can infect and damage body tissues.

Symptoms

  • Initial stages:
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Later stages:
  • High fever
  • Muscle pain and tenderness
  • Swelling of the eyelids or face
  • Weakness
  • Headache
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis)

Causes

  • Food-borne infection:Initially enter the body when meat containing the Trichinella cysts (roundworm larvae) is eaten

Risk Factors

  • Improper food preparation
  • Rural areas
  • Consumption of wild or noncommercial meats

Diagnostic Tests

  • Medical history
  • Blood tests
  • Muscle biopsy

Treatment

  • Pain relievers
  • Corticosteroids
  • Anti-parasitic medication:
  • Albendazole (Albenza)
  • Mebendazole

Lifestyle Management

  • Avoid undercooked meat
  • Have wild-animal meat frozen or irradiated
  • Clean meat grinders thoroughly
  • Wash hands thoroughly after handling raw meat
  • Avoid undercooked wild game
  • Avoid undercooked poultry