SWINE FLU (H1N1 FLU)

Description

  • also known as the H1N1 virus
  • new strain of an influenza virus that causes symptoms similar to the regular flu

Symptoms

  1. Fever (but not always)
  2. Cough
  3. Sore throat
  4. Runny or stuffy nose
  5. Watery, red eyes
  6. Body aches
  7. Headache
  8. Fatigue
  9. Diarrhea
  10. Nausea and vomiting

Causes

  1. strain of influenza virus
  2. eating pork products.
  3. contaminated droplets

People may spread it by:

  1. sneezing
  2. coughing
  3. touching a germ-covered surface and then touching their eyes or nose

Risk factors

  • adults over age 65
  • children under 5 years old
  • young adults under age 19 who are receiving long-term aspirin therapy
  • people with compromised immune systems (due to a disease such as AIDS)
  • pregnant women
  • people with chronic illnesses such as asthma, heart disease, diabetes or neuromuscular disease

Diagnostic Tests

  • diagnosis by sampling fluid
  • swab will be analyzed
  • genetic and laboratory techniques 

Treatments

  • antiviral medications
  • atibiotics

Medication

  • oral drugs oseltamivir (Tamiflu)
  • zanamivir (Relenza)
  • paracetamol or ibuprofen
  • acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others)

Prevention

  • frequently washing hands with soap or hand sanitizer
  • not touching your nose, mouth, or eyes (the virus can survive on surfaces like telephones and tabletops)
  • staying home from work or school if you’re ill
  • avoiding large gatherings when swine flu is in season

Lifestyle management

  • Get more sleep to help your immune system fight infection.
  • Choose water, juice and warm soups to prevent dehydration.
  • Use an over-the-counter pain reliever