• life-threatening medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off.


  1. paralysis or muscle weakness on one side of the body
  2. difficulty swallowing or speaking
  3. memory loss or difficulty thinking and understanding language
  4. pain, numbness, or tingling sensations on the affected part of the body
  5. changes in behavior or mood
  6. confusion
  7. difficulty understanding what others are saying
  8. problems with balance and co-ordination


Ischemic stroke

  1. when the arteries to your brain become narrowed or blocked

Hemorrhagic stroke

  1. when a blood vessel in your brain leaks or ruptures

Transient ischemic attack (TIA)

  1. temporary decrease in blood supply to part of your brain

Risk factors

  • being overweight or obese
  • drinking excessive amounts of alcohol
  • smoking
  • a lack of exercise
  • diabetes
  • Obstructive sleep apnea

Diagnostic Tests

  • blood tests
  • Carotid ultrasound.
  • Cerebral angiogram
  • Echocardiogram
  • CT scan,MRI


  • “clot-busting” medication
  • antiplatelet medicines
  • Anticoagulants
  • Statins
  • anti hypersensitives
  • Catheter Embolectomy
  • Decompressive Craniotomy
  • carotid enderectomy
  • Surgical AVM removal.
  • surgical bypass of intracranial
  • stereotactic radiosurgery
  • Surgical clipping
  • angioplasty,stents


  • Aspirin
  • recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (TPA)
  • thiazide diuretics
  • angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • calcium channel blockers
  • beta-blockers
  • alpha-blockers
  • Warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven, Marfarin)
  • Clopidogrel (Plavix)
  • atorvastatin (Lipitor, Torvast)
  • fluvasatatin (Lescol)
  • lovastatin (Altocor, Altoprev, Mevacor)
  • pitavastatin (Livalo)
  • pravastatin (Pravachol)
  • rosuvastatin (Crestor)
  • simvastatin (Zocor)

Lifestyle management

  • Relax and take your time.
  • Join a support group
  • cope with communication challenges