STOMACH CANCER

Description

  • Stomach cancer occurs when cancerous cells form in the stomach lining
  • Also called gastric cancer

Symptoms

  1. trapped wind and frequent burping
  2. feeling full very quickly when eating
  3. feeling bloated after eating
  4. feeling sick
  5. pain in your stomach or breastbone
  6. vomiting (the vomit may be streaked with blood), although this is uncommon in the early stages
  7. blood in your stools, or black stools
  8. loss of appetite
  9. weight loss
  10. tiredness
  11. lumpiness and swelling in your stomach (caused by a build-up of fluid)

Causes

  1. cancer begins when an error (mutation) occurs in a cell’s DNA

Risk factors

These risk factors include certain diseases and conditions, such as:

  • lymphoma (a group of blood cancers)
  • H. pylori bacterial infections (a common stomach infection that can sometimes lead to ulcers)
  • tumors in other parts of the digestive system
  • stomach polyps (abnormal growths of tissue that form on the lining of the stomach)
  • eat a lot of salty or processed foods
  • eat too much meat
  • have a history of alcohol abuse
  • don’t exercise
  • don’t store or cook food properly
  •  family history of the disease

Diagnostic Tests

  • an upper GI endoscopy (a procedure that uses a small camera on the end of a thin, flexible probe to look at the esophagus and stomach)
  • a biopsy (tissue sample)
  • imaging tests, such as CT scans and X-rays
  • Exploratory surgery
  • CT scan,MRI

Treatments

  • surgery
  • immunotherapy, such as vaccines and medication
  • chemotherapy
  • radiation therapy
  • subtotal gastrectomy
  • total gastrectomy

Medication

  • Trastuzumab (Herceptin) for stomach cancer cells that produce too much HER2.
  • Ramucirumab (Cyramza) for advanced stomach cancer that hasn’t responded to other treatments.
  • Imatinib (Gleevec) for a rare form of stomach cancer called gastrointestinal stromal tumor.
  • Sunitinib (Sutent) for gastrointestinal stromal tumors.
  • Regorafenib (Stivarga) for gastrointestinal stromal tumors.

Lifestyle management

  • keep talking to your friends and family – they can be a powerful support system
  • talk to others in the same situation
  • research your condition
  • set reasonable goals
  • take time out for yourself

Prevention

  • maintaining a healthy weight
  • eating a balanced, low-fat diet
  • quitting smoking
  • exercising regularly
  • Reduce the amount of salty and smoked foods you eat