SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPY

Description

It is a genetic disease that attacks nerve cells called motor neurons in the spinal cord

Symptoms

  • Have difficulty in breathing
  • Muscle weakness
  • Affect:
  • Head and neck control
  • Walking
  • Crawling
  • Swallowing

Causes

Fault within gene SMN1

Risk Factors

Inheritance

Diagnostic Tests

  • Physical examination
  • Family history
  • Blood tests
  • Genetic tests
  • Muscle biopsy
  • Nerve conduction velocity

Treatment

  • Physiotherapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Speech and language therapy
  • Exercise
  • Breathing support
  • Healthy nutrition
  • Feeding tube

Lifestyle Management

  • Take healthy food
  • Keep weight under control
  • Exercise with discretion