Group of rare cancers affecting the tissues that connect, support and surround other body structures and organs.
- different types of soft tissue sarcoma
- leiomyosarcomas – which develop in muscle tissue
- liposarcomas – which develop in fat tissue
- angiosarcomas – which develop in the cells of the blood or lymph vessels
- gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) – which can develop in the connective tissues that support the organs of the digestive system
- A noticeable lump or swelling
- Pain, if a tumor presses on nerves or muscles
- intestinal blockage.
- Kaposi’s sarcoma caused by human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8)
- age genetic conditions
- certain chemicals
- previous radiotherapy
- Basal cell nevus syndrome increases your risk of basal cell skin cancer, rhabdomyosarcoma, and fibrosarcoma.
- Inherited retinoblastoma causes a kind of childhood eye cancer, but it can also increase the risk of other soft tissue sarcomas.
- Li-Fraumeni syndrome increases the risk of many kinds of cancer, often from radiation exposure.
- Gardner’s syndrome leads to cancers in the stomach or bowel.
- Neurofibromatosis can cause nerve sheath tumors.
- Tuberous sclerosis can result in rhabdomyosarcoma.
- Werner’s syndrome can cause many health problems, including an increased risk of all soft tissue sarcomas.
- toxin &radiation exposure
- X-rays,CT scan
- immunohistochemistry, which looks for antigens or sites on tumor cells to which certain antibodies can attach
- cytogenic analysis, which looks for changes in the chromosomes of the tumor cells
- fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), a test to look for certain genes or short pieces of DNA
- flow cytometry, which is a test that looks at the number of cells, their health, and the presence of tumor markers on the surface of cells
- radiation therapy
- Targeted drugs block specific abnormal signals
- Imatinib (Gleevec)
- Sunitinib (Sutent)
- Regorafenib (Stigvara)
- Pazopanib (Votrient)
- Keeping your close relationships strong
- Learn enough about sarcoma to make decisions about your care.
- occupational therapyy