SHIGELLA INFECTION

Description

intestinal disease caused by a family of bacteria known as shigella.Shigella can be passed through direct contact with the bacteria in the stool.

Symptoms

  1. Diarrhea (often containing blood or mucus)
  2. Abdominal pain or cramps
  3. Fever
  4. blood or mucus in their stool

Causes

  • shigella bacteria
  • poor sanitation
  • contaminated food
  • contaminated water

Risk Factors

  • children between the ages of 2 and 4
  • Close contact with other people spreads the bacteria from person to person
  • Living or traveling in areas that lack sanitation
  • sexually active gay male

Diagnostic Tests

sample of your stool to be tested in a laboratory

Treatments

  • plenty of fluids and use oral rehydration solutions (ORS) 
  • painkillers
  • intravenous fluids and medication
  • antibiotic

Medications

  • azithromycin (Zithromax)
  • ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
  • sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (Bactrim)
  • Pedialyte

Lifestyle Management

  • Wash hands frequently and thoroughly
  • Supervise small children when they wash their hands
  • Dispose of soiled diapers properly
  • Disinfect diaper-changing areas after use
  • Don’t prepare food for others if you have diarrhea
  • Keep children with diarrhea home from child care, play groups or school
  • Avoid swallowing water from ponds, lakes or untreated pools
  • Avoid sexual activity with anyone who has diarrhea or who recently recovered from diarrhea
  • Don’t clean your teeth with tap water.
  • Don’t have ice in your drinks, because it may be made from unclean water.
  • Avoid fresh fruit or vegetables that can’t be peeled before eating