SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME (SARS)

Description

  1. viral infection caused by a previously unrecognized virus from the Coronaviridae family
  2. serious form of viral pneumonia 

Symptoms

  1. fever fatigue
  2. headache,chills
  3. Myalgias
  4. Malaise
  5. Anorexia
  6. Sputum production
  7. Sore throat
  8. Coryza
  9. Nausea and vomiting
  10. Dizziness
  11. Diarrhea
  12. Dry cough
  13. Dyspnea
  14. Progressive hypoxemia in many cases
  15. Respiratory failure that requires mechanical ventilation in some cases

Diagnostic Tests

  • Pulse oximetry
  • Blood cultures
  • Sputum Gram stain and culture
  • Viral respiratory pathogen tests, notably influenza A and B viruses and respiratory syncytial virus
  • Legionella and pneumococcal urinary antigen testing should also be considered
  • chest X-ray or CT scan 

Treatments

  • Mechanical ventilation and critical care 
  • antibiotics
  • antiviral medications
  • steroids

Prevention

  • wash your hands thoroughly using an alcohol-based hand detergent
  • cover your mouth and nose when you sneeze or cough
  • avoid sharing food, drink and utensils
  • regularly clean surfaces with disinfectant
  • Wear disposable gloves if touching any infected bodily fluids.
  • Wear a surgical mask when in the same room with a person with SARS.
  • Disinfect surfaces that may have been contaminated with the virus.
  • Wash all personal items, including bedding and utensils, used by a person with SARS.