SCIATICA

Description

It is a common type of pain affecting the sciatic nerve

Symptoms

  • Lower back pain
  • Pain in the rear or leg that is worse when sitting
  • Hip pain
  • Burning or tingling down the leg
  • Weakness, numbness, or difficulty moving the leg or foot
  • A shooting pain that makes it difficult to stand up

Causes

  • Slipped disc
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Spinal injury or infection
  • Growth within the spine
  • Cauda equina syndrome

Risk Factors

  • Age
  • Obesity
  • Occupation
  • Prolonged sitting
  • Diabetes

Diagnostic Tests

  • Physical examination
  • X-ray
  • MRI
  • CT scan
  • Electromyography (EMG)

Treatment

  • Physical therapy
  • Steroid injections
  • Surgery
  • Acupuncture
  • Chiropractice
  • Cold packs
  • Hot packs
  • Stretching
  • Pain relievers:
  • Advil
  • Motrin IB
  • Naproxen sodium (Aleve)
  • Medications:
  • Anti-inflammatories
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Narcotics
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
  • Anti-seizure medications

Prevention

  • Exercise regularly
  • Maintain proper posture when you sit
  • Use good body mechanics