SCHIZOPHRENIA

Description

  1. long-term mental health condition that causes a range of different psychological symptoms
  2. People with schizophrenia slowly lose contact with reality and often have delusions or hallucination

Symptoms

  1. hallucinations or delusions
  2. emotionless, flat and apathetic
  3. Unorganized Thinking or Speech
  4. Strange Behavior
  5. social isolation, or trouble experiencing pleasure, planning,
  6. Withdrawal from friends and family
  7. A drop in performance at school
  8. Trouble sleeping
  9. Irritability or depressed mood
  10. Lack of motivation

Causes

  1. a family history of the illness
  2. exposure to toxins or a virus before birth or during infancy
  3. having an inflammatory or an autoimmune disease
  4. using mind-altering drugs
  5. high stress levels

Risk Factors

  • Having a family history of schizophrenia
  • Exposure to viruses, toxins or malnutrition while in the womb, particularly in the first and second trimesters
  • Increased immune system activation, such as from inflammation or autoimmune diseases
  • Older age of the father
  • Taking mind-altering (psychoactive or psychotropic) drugs during teen years and young adulthood
  • neurotransmitters
  • cocaine, LSD or amphetamines, may trigger symptoms of schizophrenia

Diagnostic Tests

  •  magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 
  • computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Psychological evaluation.

Treatments

  • Antipsychotic medications
  • conventional & Atypical antipsychotics
  • Individual therapy.
  • Social skills training
  • Vocational rehabilitation and supported employment.
  • family therapy

Medications

  • Aripiprazole (Abilify)
  • Asenapine (Saphris)
  • Clozapine (Clozaril)
  • Iloperidone (Fanapt)
  • Lurasidone (Latuda)
  • Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
  • Paliperidone (Invega)
  • Quetiapine (Seroquel)
  • Risperidone (Risperdal)
  • Ziprasidone (Geodon)
  • Chlorpromazine
  • Fluphenazine
  • Haloperidol (Haldol)
  • Perphenazine

Lifestyle Management

  • maintain good physical and mental health
  • prevent illness or accidents
  • avoid alcohol and drugs
  • relaxation & stress management
  • Join a support group.