SARCOIDOSIS

Description

Growth of tiny collections of inflammatory cells (granulomas) in different parts of your body  most commonly the lungs, lymph nodes, eyes and skin.

Symptoms

  1. fatigue
  2. fever
  3. weight loss
  4. joint pain
  5. dry mouth
  6. nosebleeds
  7. abdominal swelling

Causes

  1. Sarcoidosis is more common in women than in men.
  2. People of African-American descent are more likely to develop the condition.
  3. People with a family history of sarcoidosis have a significantly higher risk of getting the disease

Diagnostic Tests

  • Chest X-ray to check for lung damage or enlarged lymph nodes
  • Computerized tomography (CT scan) if complications are suspected.
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) if sarcoidosis seems to be affecting your heart or central nervous system.
  • Blood tests to assess your overall health and how well your kidneys and liver are functioning.
  • Lung (pulmonary) function tests to measure lung volume and how much oxygen your lungs deliver to your blood.
  • Eye exam to check for vision problems that may be caused by sarcoidosis.
  • biopsy

Treatments

  • Corticosteroids
  • Medications that suppress the immune system
  • Medications that suppress the immune system
  • Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitors
  • surgery

Medications

  • methotrexate (Trexall)
  • azathioprine (Azasan, Imuran)
  • Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)

Lifestyle Management

  • consider talking with a counselor
  • stop smoking, if you smoke
  • avoid exposure to dust, chemicals, fumes and toxic gases
  • drink plenty of water
  • get plenty of exercise and sleep
  • healthy diet