RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA

Description

It refers to a group of inherited diseases causing retinal degeneration

Symptoms

  • Night blindness
  • Decreased central vision
  • Ability to discriminate color is lost

Causes

  • Inheritance
  • Genes

Diagnostic Tests

  • Physical examination
  • Visual field test
  • Electrophysiological test
  • Electroretinogram (ERG)
  • Genetic test

Treatment

  • vitamin A therapy
  • Omega-3-rich diet(docosahexaenoic acid)
  • Low-vision therapy
  • Electrical Stimulation Therapy

Lifestyle Management

  • Early intervention
  • Occupational therapy
  • Use of low vision devices
  • Diet rich in omega-3-fatty acid