RENAL FAILURE

Description

It occurs when kidneys lose the ability to filter waste from  blood sufficiently

Symptoms

  • Reduced amount of urine
  • Swelling of your legs, ankles, and feet from retention of fluids
  • Unexplained shortness of breath
  • Excessive drowsiness or fatigue
  • Persistent nausea
  • Confusion
  • Pain or pressure in your chest
  • Seizures
  • Coma
  • Itching
  • Not feeling hungry
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Abdominal pain
  • Back pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Nosebleeds
  • Rash

Causes

  • Diabetes
  • Loss of Blood Flow to the Kidneys
  • Conditions include:
  • Heart attack
  • Heart disease
  • Scarring of the liver or liver failure
  • Dehydration
  • Severe burn
  • Allergic reaction
  • Severe infection (sepsis)
  • Blood pressure
  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Infection
  • Overload of toxins from heavy metals
  • Drugs and alcohol
  • Urine Elimination Problems which includes:
  • Kidney stones
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Blood clots within urinary tract
  • Damage to the nerves that control bladder
  • Autoimmune diseases (lupus and IgA nephropathy)

Diagnostic Tests

  • Urinalysis
  • Urine Volume Measurements
  • Blood Samples
  • Kidney Tissue Sample
  • MRI scan
  • CT scan
  • Ultrasound

Treatment

  • Dialysis
  • Kidney Transplant
  • Medications include:
  • Phosphorus-lowering medicines:
  • Calcium carbonate (Caltrate)
  • Calcitriol(Rocaltrol)
  • sevelamer (Renagel)
  • Red blood cell production stimulation:
  • Erythropoietin
  • Darbepoetin (Aranesp)
  • Blood pressure medicines
  • Vitamins

Prevention

  • Early diagnosis
  • Limit exposure to chemicals(household cleaners, tobacco, pesticides)
  • Follow Doctor’s Advice
  • Take prescribed medicine
  • Maintain healthy lifestyle by taking healthy diet
  • Consume food low in potassium salt and Phosphorus