RABIES

Description

  1. deadly virus spread to people from the saliva of infected animals
  2. attacks the central nervous system
  3. Rabies can be treated with the rabies vaccine

Symptoms

  1. insomnia
  2. agitation anxiety,partial paralysis
  3. confusion
  4. fever headache nausea
  5. hallucinations
  6. excess salivation
  7. problems swallowing
  8. fear of water

Causes

  1. rabies virus
  2. pets
  3. farm animals

Risk Factors

  • living in an area that is populated by bats
  • traveling to developing countries
  • living in a rural area where there is greater exposure to wild animals and little or no access to vaccines and immunoglobulin
  • reventive therapy
  • frequent camping and exposure to wild animals
  • being under the age of 15 (rabies is most common in this age group)
  • Working in a laboratory with the rabies virus
  • Wounds to the head, neck or hands,

Diagnostic Tests

  • blood test
  • tissue test

Treatments

  • administering rabies immunoglobulin (a special preparation of antibodies)
  • administering a course of the rabies vaccine
  • human diploid cell vaccine (HDCV), which is created by using samples of human cells
  • purified chick embryo cell rabies vaccine (PCEC), which is created by using samples of chicken embryos 
  • nerve tissue vaccine, which is created by using samples of nerves taken from animal brains

Prevention

  • Get a rabies vaccination
  • Vaccinate your pets.
  • Keep your pets from roaming outside.
  • Report stray animals to animal control.
  • Avoid contact with wild animals.
  • Prevent bats from entering living spaces or other structures near your home