1. It is swelling and inflammation of the prostate gland
  2. Can be very painful and distressing, but will usually get better 


  1. Pain or burning sensation when urinating (dysuria)
  2. Difficulty urinating, such as dribbling or hesitant urination
  3. Frequent urination, particularly at night (nocturia)
  4. Urgent need to urinate
  5. Pain in the abdomen, groin or lower back
  6. Pain in the area between the scrotum and rectum (perineum)
  7. Pain or discomfort of the penis or testicles
  8. Painful orgasms (ejaculations)
  9. Flu-like symptoms (with bacterial prostatitis)


  1. bacteria in the urinary tract (the kidneys, bladder, and the tubes)
  2. Immune system disorder
  3. Nervous system disorder
  4. Injury to the prostate or prostate area

Risk Factors

  • Being a young or middle-aged man
  • Having a past episode of prostatitis
  • Having an infection in the bladder or the tube that transports semen and urine to the penis (urethra)
  • Having a pelvic trauma, such as injury from bicycling or horseback riding
  • Not drinking enough fluids (dehydration)
  • Using a urinary catheter, a tube inserted into the urethra to drain the bladder
  • Having unprotected sexual intercourse
  • Having HIV/AIDS
  • Being under stress
  • Having certain inherited traits — particular genes may make some men more susceptible to prostatitis
  • a urinary catheter inserted

Diagnostic Tests

  • Blood culture.
  • urine test
  • Bladder tests (urodynamic tests)
  • digital rectal exam


  • Painkillers
  • an alpha-blocker
  • antibiotics
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Prostate massage


  • tamsulosin
  • ciprofloxacin
  • paracetamol or ibuprofen
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Lifestyle Management

  • Soak in a warm bath (sitz bath).
  • Limit or avoid alcohol, caffeine, and spicy or acidic foods.
  • Avoid prolonged sitting or try sitting on a pillow or inflatable cushion to ease pressure on the prostate.
  • Avoid bicycling, or wear padded shorts and adjust your bicycle to relieve pressure on your prostate.